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Africa: Now is the time to unite and prepare for climate action!

Africa: Now is the time to unite and prepare for climate action!

The 26th UN Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP26) will be held this November in Glasgow.

The Dasgupta Review, released after the conclusion of the 2019 United Nations Climate Change Conference of Parties (COP25), is a 600-page comprehensive report that acknowledges the intimate relationship between climate change and biodiversity loss. The review submits that global climate change will increasingly be a major cause of biodiversity loss that will compromise the functional integrity of ecosystems, bringing about a chain of events that will radically alter the biosphere’s workings.

Similarly, the UNFCCC’s Initial Synthesis Report measures the progress of national climate action plans, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Climate Agreement.

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP21 in Paris, on 12 December 2015 and entered into force on 4 November 2016.

Its goal is to limit global warming to well below two, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels by the end of the century. The Paris Agreement works on a five-year cycle of increasingly ambitious climate actions carried out by countries. By 2020, countries submitted their NDCs, communicating which actions they will take to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions in order to reach the goals of the Paris Agreement.

Has there been progress?

Despite increased efforts by some countries, the combined impact of NDCs falls far short of what is required to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible to achieve a climate-neutral world by mid-century.

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